Supporting communities to be resilient in Uganda
Within Busitema Area Development Programme in Uganda, World Vision has been supporting farmers with training on improved crop production for staple crops, such as maize and beans. These trainings have included identification of key qualities during seed selection, land preparation, planting at the onset of the rains, row planting, weeding, pest and disease control as well as pre and post-harvest handling. Training takes place at parish level with demonstration sites being established where farmers are taught practices they can later apply to their own farms. Over 600 farmers have been trained so far and over 80% of these are now adopting techniques and technologies in their own farms, increasing their crop production. This ultimately means more food for their families to eat and higher incomes from selling surplus crops.
Skills in post-harvest handling are essential to reduce post-harvest losses and maintain the nutritional value of crops. Trainings have helped farmers to identify, manage and eliminate post-harvest losses through utilising proper transport, drying, storing and sorting techniques. Applying these techniques help farmers to achieve higher grade grains and higher prices at market. In addition to demonstrating the different post-handling practices, farmers are guided on how to select storage units appropriate for their farms and how to budget for them.
(Farmers being trained on post- harvest handling practices, including hermetic bags, which prevent pests from attacking stored produce without adding chemicals)
Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR)
Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) is the systematic regeneration of trees from tree stumps, roots or naturally growing seedlings. It provides a quick and cheap option for reforestation.
Through FMNR, World Vision seeks to strengthen the livelihoods and resilience of communities by increasing tree cover, as increasing tree cover improves the productivity of agricultural land. In addition farmers are able to access tree products and to set up tree based income generating activities, such as bee keeping and rearing of livestock.
World Vision has been supporting farmers in identifying which tree stumps should be selected for regeneration; establishing demonstrations on FMNR and empowering communities to take responsibility to care for and nurture naturally occurring woody vegetation. Communities have been encouraged to plant seedling trees, especially fruit trees, at their homes as a way to conserve the environment but also ensure that families have access to fruit.
The promotion of FMNR in Busitema has led to the establishment of bee hives as a business for farmers in the community. The below photo is an apiary established by one farmer who adopted FMNR at their home.
At least 200 farmers have adopted the FMNR methodology in Busitema and 130 farmers have set up apiaries for the production of organic honey. Not only are farmers able to improve their land, and conserve their environments, they have been able to increase their family’s income through bee keeping.